How Far is the Moon, Really?


“Fly me to the moon,” crooned Frank Sinatra in his iconic song. But how far exactly is that trip? The answer to this question, “how far is the moon,” is a cosmic mystery that has fascinated humanity since time immemorial. In this article, we will unveil the intriguing secrets about the moon’s distance from us, dispelling myths, and illuminating facts about our closest celestial neighbor.

The Moon’s Distance: An Overview

The moon is our closest celestial neighbor, yet it’s still an astounding distance away. On average, the moon is about 238,855 miles (384,400 kilometers) from Earth, according to NASA. To put that in perspective, if we could drive straight up at 60 miles per hour, it would take us just under six months to reach the moon.

In the past, calculating the moon’s distance was a daunting task. Ancient Greek astronomer Hipparchus was the first to make a reasonably accurate estimate around 190-120 BC. He used simple geometry and the difference in the moon’s position between two places on Earth.

The Science Behind Calculating Distances

The accurate calculation of the moon’s distance is a testament to the power of science and mathematics. The method used today involves bouncing laser beams off retroreflectors left on the moon’s surface by the Apollo missions. By measuring the time it takes for the light to travel to the moon and back, scientists can calculate the distance with remarkable precision.

Interestingly, this method also indirectly proves that the moon landings indeed happened, debunking any conspiracy theories claiming otherwise. After all, if humans hadn’t landed on the moon, there would be no retroreflectors to bounce lasers off.

Variable Distance: The Eccentric Orbit of the Moon

The moon’s distance from Earth isn’t constant. It varies throughout its orbit, due to its elliptical shape. At perigee, when the moon is closest to Earth, the distance is about 225,623 miles (363,104 kilometers). At apogee, when the moon is furthest, the distance extends to 251,968 miles (405,696 kilometers).

This variation in distance is why we sometimes see a “supermoon,” when the full moon coincides with perigee. The moon appears larger and brighter in the sky, a beautiful spectacle for stargazers worldwide.

The Impact of the Moon’s Distance on Earth

The distance of the moon from Earth has profound effects on our planet. Most notably, the moon’s gravitational pull causes our ocean tides. When the moon is closer during perigee, its gravitational pull strengthens, leading to higher tides, known as “spring tides.”

Moreover, the moon’s distance affects how we perceive solar and lunar eclipses. During a total solar eclipse, the moon – at the right distance – perfectly covers the sun, creating a breathtaking natural phenomenon.

Exploration Beyond the Moon: A Perspective

While the moon is our nearest neighbor, it’s still far away in terms of space travel. Even at the speed of the Apollo missions, it took about three days to travel to the moon.

As we set our sights on exploring further into the cosmos, the moon’s distance gives us a sense of perspective. Mars, our next target for human exploration, is about 140 times further away than the moon. Clearly, interplanetary travel presents a monumental challenge, but one that we are steadily gearing up to meet.


The question of “how far is the moon” reveals a fascinating journey through science, history, and space exploration. The moon’s distance, while vast, serves as a reminder of our first steps into the universe and our continuing quest to explore the cosmos. As we glean more about our celestial surroundings, we gain not just scientific knowledge but a deeper appreciation for our place in the universe.

Last update on 2024-06-16 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

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